Laboratory 2 – KVL and KCL
Objectives: The objective of this lab is to practice using KVL and KCL for circuit analysis. Using KVL will show that the sum of the voltages around a loop is zero. Using KCL will show that the sum of currents entering and leaving a node sum to zero.
Build the circuit below using three different resistors. When building the circuit, select resistor values such that the power generated in each resistor in the circuit will be well below its ¼ Watt power dissipation rating. This will involve doing some calculations first.
Select three different resistances for R1, R2, and R3 and also a DC voltage for Vin. Using KVL, calculate the expected voltages across R1, R2, and R3. Then using KCL, calculate the expected currents through R1, R2, and R3. Then calculate the power dissipation in each resistor. Show all your calculations (even those you will not use). If the power is much less than ¼ Watt for each resistor, build the circuit using those values. If the power is more than ¼ Watt, then try different values and recalculate the power. Once the circuit is built, measure the actual values using the multi-meter and compare these values with the calculations. Explain how the measurement process itself will affect the resistances, voltages and currents that are being measured. Comment on your results.
Build the circuit in Mentorgraphics and display all the electrical parameters of the circuit. Compare these parameters with the values you measured empirically, and also the values calculated analytically. Explain differences in your results. Next, measure the actual values of the resistors using the Keithley multi-meter. Input these ‘measured’ resistor values into your Mentorgraphics circuit and recalculate the voltages and currents. How do these values now compare with the values measured, and all the values you calculated analytically?